Vaccination or immunization for children

Vaccination and its Importance/precautions for your baby

It is important to start your child on a vaccination program to protect him against most serious infectious diseases. When your child is immunized, he is given a vaccine which contains a harmless version of the germ that causes the disease.Although this vaccine is too weak to harm your baby but it induces the body to produce antibodies.  Which will protect your child from the disease in the future. In a way, it sets up a defence mechanism within the body to prepare it for a full-fledged attack of same disease.

Duration of Immunization:

Some immunizations last a lifelong while others need booster doses from time to time. Hence, it is important to continue with the immunization and vaccination programme even if your child catches the disease. Do ensure that the proper vaccination is dispensed at the right time and in the correct doses.

Another point that you should note is that when you register your baby for school or pre-school, they will demand immunization record.

Vaccination from What?

There are nine potential dangerous childhood diseases for which vaccination is done.

Diphtheria: 

The disease starts as a throat infection but can cause obstruction to breathing and lead to death. More about Diphtheria can be see at this link. Its vaccination is given as DTaP at the age of 2, 4, 6 15 months then 4 to 6 years. Complete chart will be at the end.

Pertussis:

It is called whooping cough. It causes prolonged bouts of coughing and can result in pneumonia or brain damage.For children, the immunizations are commonly given in combination with immunizations against tetanusdiphtheriapolio, and haemophilus influenzae type B at ages two, four, six, and 15–18 months. A single later booster is given at four to six years of age (US schedule). In the UK, pertussis vaccinations are given at 2, 3, and 4 months, with a pre-school booster at 3 years 4 months.

Tetanus:tetanus

This disease cause severe muscle spasm, including spasm of the muscle controlling swallowing and breathing. It is often leads to death. Same dosage per above.

Hepatitis B:

This is an infection of the liver that may have no symptoms. It can lead to liver failure or liver cancer in adulthood. Same dosage as for tetanus or Diphtheria.

Mumps:

This is an infection of the salivary gland. It can lead to brain infection, deafness or sterility. It is normally vaccinated at the age of 9 months and 15 months.

Measles:

This starts with the high fever and rash. Lung infection, deafness and brain damage can occur in very severe cases. Same dosage as Mumps.

Rubella: 

It is called german measles. Complication in children are rare and the danger mainly lies in early pregnancy. Women infected in early pregnancy can give birth to deaf, blind or mentally retarded baby. Same vaccination schedule as Mumps. It comes as vaccine of MMR(Mumps,Measles and Rubella).

Polio:delaying-the-hepatitis-a-vaccine-schedule

Poliomyelitis or Polio is disease starts with a mild fever and can lead to brain infection,deafness or sterility. Its dosage are at birth and in every vaccination call.

Tuberculosis:

Commonly named as TB. This is a disease that commonly infect the lungs. It can also affect kidney, bones, intestines and the brain.

Typhoid Vaccine:

This vaccine prevents from typhoid fever. There are two types that are widely available: Ty21a (a live vaccine given by mouth) and Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine (an injectable subunit vaccine).They are about 30 to 70% effective for the first two years depending on the specific vaccine in question. Depending on the formulation it can be given starting at the age of two or five years old.Three or four doses are then given, with a dose every two days.

Hepatitis A vaccine:

Hepatitis A vaccine is a vaccine that prevents hepatitis A.It is effective in around 95% of cases and lasts for at least fifteen years and possibly a person’s entire life. If given, two doses are recommended beginning after the age of one. It is given by injection into a muscle.

Immunization Schedule:

It is normally same for every country except for few.

immunization schedule

vaccine-schedules

Moreover there is a brief history of diseases along with its vaccination status. There is some variation as Hepatitis C vaccine has been discovered.

vaccine

Risk Involved:

Immunization and vaccination is safe but some babies may feel little fever. So keep a check for first 24 hours and if it rises then give a recommended dosage of paracetamol. If your baby had convulsions or has a close relative with epilepsy, he has an increased risk of a serious reaction to the whooping-cough vaccination. Some baby may have rash and fever for 10 days for measles vaccination. mumps can result in swollen face after three weeks. Do consult the doctor if temperature may cross 100.4 F or 38 C.

Precautions to Take:

Don’t take your child to be immunised if he has a cold or is unwell, or has been taking antibiotics in the week before he is due for immunization. Remember, immunization is given only if the child is found to be well. Also check with the doctor if your baby had a major reaction with previous doses.

vaccination

 

 

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